How Do People Think?

In a new book, professor of psychology Emerita Barbara Tversky says that spatial thinking is the basis of thinking and arose long before language. That is why, in order to understand how people think, Tversky argues that you need to understand how people act and come to understand the world through your spatial thinking. According to him, spatial thinking is the basis of thinking, and it appeared long before the appearance of language. Here, Tversky discusses the impact of spatial thinking on abstract thinking and communication from his new book, Mind in Motion: How Action Shapes Thinking.

Visual thinking, also known as visual/spatial learning or imaginative thinking, is the phenomenon of thinking through visual processing. Visual thinking is described as treating words as a series of images.

A study by the child development theorist Linda Kroeger Silverman showed that less than 30% of people actively use visual/spatial thinking, and another 45% use both visual/spatial thinking Thinking and word-form thinking, 25% of people only think in words. According to Kroger Silverman, among the 30% of the general population who use visual/spatial thinking, only a small proportion of people use this style of thinking above all other forms of thinking, and they can be called A true “image thinker”. Mind imagery is one of several other recognized forms of nonverbal thinking, such as kinesthesia, music, and mathematical thinking.

Some people think mainly in words, while others think mainly in images or symbols. People use language to think, and language and thought influence each other, this is a universal assumption. A common misconception includes that people think they are thinking in words, when in fact words don’t seem to have so many characteristics.

But seeking inner experience is easier said than done, since most people are not used to focusing on their thoughts in this way. Thinking research tips and questions can encourage people to think or respond in a certain way that does not accurately reflect people’s experiences. Hurlbert said the recent hype around inner experience is good if it gets people to explore what’s really going on in their minds instead of believing it and not questioning it.

Some people simply cannot imagine that they do not have an inner voice; others are surprised by the idea of ​​constant internal chatter. People who report internal monologue tend to perceive these voices as their own. Most hearing people perceive their voice silently while contemplating, which is also called “internal monologue”.

If you ask most people, they will probably say that they think in words or that they have an inner voice, at least part of the time, that they use to plan and think from day to day. Most of the people I interviewed said that this inner monologue rages throughout the day.

I started asking these people questions about what they were going through, and this is very different from most. Many people assured me that I was not crazy about internal monologue, while others were absolutely shocked, as I was. Some people got scared, not believing that some were not thinking verbally and linearly.

Others who do not have this inner voice find that their thinking differs from many of their friends and relatives. He said that until then he didn’t know that some people actually had a voice in their mind that sounded like their own. Many people want to know what a deaf person’s inner monologue would look like. Those who, like Muldoni, usually don’t speak for themselves, may just have a different view of their inner life.

Cross says that people with hearing loss have internal monologues that involve gestures, and some people see pictures instead of hearing words. Some research suggests that people often use more inward verbalization when under pressure. Many people use language chatter to organize and focus their thoughts.

But sometimes this inner monologue can become negative or opinionated. People often worry that “hearing a voice” is a sign of serious mental illness. But for most people, hearing a voice, even if they believe it is sacred, does not mean that there is a problem. For those who can’t believe it, some people tell their inner stories all day long.

I am absolutely used to assuming that whoever thinks out loud on TV or ponders passages in books was a metaphor or artistic license. Today we ask ourselves this question, and few understand that it is possible to think in words. First, it seems that words are not as strongly present in our everyday thoughts as many of us think. Stephen Pinker notes that we were not born with language, so we are unlikely to be created to think with words alone.

While people often see themselves as more verbal or visual, this is not always the case. In fact, people with a clear inner monologue usually have stronger mental vision accompanying their verbal thoughts.

Whether you have a narrative in your head or hear nothing, the discussion raises interesting questions about how we think and process information. If people just have different definitions of their thoughts, or if people literally don’t have an inner monologue, we know one thing: you must have a headache if you kept thinking about it. I still think a lot about the phenomenon of inner speech and statistics that only 26 percent of people seem to experience (which seems completely insane to me, I can’t figure out what this means, what is unnecessary).

It is also possible that you had a combination of these and other thoughts that once crossed your mind … or that you were thinking of something else, in some other way, completely. Living only in your head, it is rather strange to find that other people think differently than you. It was odd enough to think that some people didn’t have a monologue played by Captain Picard without discovering that they weren’t hearing anything at all. Soon after everyone knew about the existence of another group of thinkers, people began to explain to each other what their method of thinking was and why the other was just weird.

This has caused a strong response on the Internet, and people on both sides of the coin are imagining what life will be like with or without an inner monologue. A recent Twitter post made people fascinated and scared of this topic.

This long-standing belief that all people rely on an inner voice was first challenged in the late 1990s, largely as a result of research conducted by Russell Hurlbert, a psychologist at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas. But a long-standing confusing factor in the study of inner speech was the fact that in research people expressed their thoughts in words, Löwenbrück said, even if they did not quite think in words. More recent research has placed great emphasis on what is now known as inner speech: Dutch neuroscientist Bernard Baars concluded in 2003 that when people reflect on their inner experiences, they often report verbal quality, and the findings of researchers Dolcos and Albarracin in 2014 they showed. that people often speak for themselves using the first person pronoun.

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